Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part 10

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

On 16 July 1945, with the support of Britain, the United States had detonated the world’s first atomic weapon. In August 1949, the USSR successfully tested their first nuclear device. With the success of Operation Hurricane in October 1952, Britain had become the world’s third nuclear power.  The Atomic Energy…

Cold War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part 9

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

On 3 October 1952, Britain detonated their first atomic bomb.  Due to the small size and high-density population of Britain there were no suitable sites for an atmospheric weapons test. In 1950, Britain had made the request to the Australian Government to test its weapons in the uninhabited Monte Bello…

Cold War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Eight

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

1949 – While Britain raced towards their first nuclear weapon, Russia was also advanced in their building of a nuclear device. The Soviet design was an implosion-type bomb, based on the ‘Fat Man’ device which was detonated by the US in 1945. Russia’s speed in producing the weapon was due…

Vulcan

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Seven

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

January 1947 – Clement Attlee’s government had made the decision that Britain required an independent nuclear deterrent to maintain its position in world politics. Arriving late to a GEN 75 Committee meeting in October 1946, and after hearing some objections to the production of a nuclear weapon from Sir Stafford…

Second World War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Six

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

Two weeks before the first nuclear weapon was used for warfare, dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, the results of the UK general election were announced. On 26 July 1945, Labour had won power and Clement Attlee was appointed Prime Minister. Attlee had been Deputy Prime Minister of a…

Second World War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Five

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

The Potsdam Conference was held near Berlin on 17 July 1945, the day after the Trinity test, and was to run until 2 August. The conference was for the ‘Big Three’ heads of state – Joseph Stalin (USSR), Winston Churchill (UK) and Harry S. Truman (America) – to discuss how…

Second World War
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