Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Eight

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

1949 – While Britain raced towards their first nuclear weapon, Russia was also advanced in their building of a nuclear device. The Soviet design was an implosion-type bomb, based on the ‘Fat Man’ device which was detonated by the US in 1945. Russia’s speed in producing the weapon was due…

Vulcan

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Seven

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

January 1947 – Clement Attlee’s government had made the decision that Britain required an independent nuclear deterrent to maintain its position in world politics. Arriving late to a GEN 75 Committee meeting in October 1946, and after hearing some objections to the production of a nuclear weapon from Sir Stafford…

Second World War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Six

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

Two weeks before the first nuclear weapon was used for warfare, dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, the results of the UK general election were announced. On 26 July 1945, Labour had won power and Clement Attlee was appointed Prime Minister. Attlee had been Deputy Prime Minister of a…

Second World War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Five

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

The Potsdam Conference was held near Berlin on 17 July 1945, the day after the Trinity test, and was to run until 2 August. The conference was for the ‘Big Three’ heads of state – Joseph Stalin (USSR), Winston Churchill (UK) and Harry S. Truman (America) – to discuss how…

Second World War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Four

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

On 8 May 1945, Winston Churchill announced German armed forces had surrendered unconditionally. But, the World War had not completely ended. In his speech announcing VE Day Churchill spoke of Japan, saying “We may allow ourselves a brief period of rejoicing; but let us not forget for a moment the…

Second World War

Britain’s Nuclear Deterrent Development – Part Three

Part of the Britain's Nuclear Deterrent Development series

Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and is among those who are credited with being the “father of the atomic bomb”. He was the head of the Los Alamos Laboratory, which was to be the Manhattan Project’s secret weapons laboratory. Oppenheimer was selected for the role by Brigadier…

Second World War
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