History The Life & Times of the Avro Vulcan,
a British design icon
Potsdam July 1945 – the start of the Vulcan's story. Within a month, the USA had dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, and Tory Prime Minister Churchill had lost a General Election in a landslide to the Labour Party's Clement Atlee, who by the end of August 1945 had proposed to the Cabinet that the UK develop its own atomic bomb.
Meanwhile Stalin was tightening his grip on Eastern Europe, and adopting the doctrine of political expansion. President Truman opposed this expansion, leading to the Cold War. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill USA President Harry S Truman and Soviet Union President Joseph Stalin.
→ Churchill, Truman and Stalin
This is Britain's first production atomic bomb. Code named "Blue Danube", it had the same explosive power as those dropped on Japan – about 16,000 tonnes of conventional high explosive. The RAF's three V-Bombers –the Vickers Valiant, the Handley Page Victor & the Avro Vulcan –were each designed to carry this huge device to Russia, in response to a Soviet nuclear attack –the strategy of deterrence was born.