Canberra WK163

Served with

9 Squadron

Per noctem volamus – (Throughout the night we fly) Badge: A bat – approved by King Edward VIII in November 1936 as an authorised version of a badge highlighting the Squadron’s night-bombing duties. Formed at St Omer, France on 8…

101 Squadron

Mens agitat molem – (Mind over matter) Badge: Issuant from the battlements of a tower, a demi lion rampant guardant – approved by King George VI in February 1938. The battlements symbolise the Squadron’s pioneering role in the development of…

Served at

RAF Finningley

During the refurbishment of the Royal Flying Corps station at Doncaster in 1915, a decision was taken to move operations temporarily to an airstrip at Bancroft Farm at Finningley. This flight of aircraft is thought to have consisted of Royal…

RAF Cottesmore

We Rise to Our Obstacles RAF Cottesmore opened on 11 March 1938. The station was used mainly for training, and the first squadrons were equipped with Vickers Wellesley aircraft, but soon converted to Fairey Battles. Later RAF Bomber Command took…

RAF Scampton

RAF Scampton stands on the site of a First World War Royal Flying Corps landing field, which had been called Brattleby. The station was closed and returned to agriculture following the First World War, and reactivated in the 1930s. It…

RAF Marham

Opened in August 1916 close to the former Royal Naval Air Station Narborough, later RAF Narborough, the Marham base was originally a military night landing ground on an 80-acre (320,000 m2) site within the boundary of the present day RAF…

RAF Waddington

RAF Waddington is located beside the village of Waddington, just south of Lincoln. The station opened in 1916 as a Royal Flying Corps flying training station. Hundreds of pilots, including members of the US Army, were taught to fly a…

RAF Gaydon

RAF Gaydon is a former Royal Air Force station located 5.2 miles (8.4 km) east of Wellesbourne, Warwickshire and 10.8 miles (17.4 km) north west of Banbury, Oxfordshire. RAF Gaydon opened in 1942 and is known for its role during…

Built by AV Roe at Woodford in 1954 as part of a contract for 100 B2 Canberra aircraft, WK163 was taken on charge with controller (aircraft) on 28th January 1955. The same day the aircraft was transferred to Armstrong Siddeley Motors Ltd at Bitteswell, Leicestershire, for Viper engine trials. WK163 flew a total of 39 hours and 30 minutes on Viper development during its eleven months with ASM.

On the 2nd of Dec 1955, the aircraft was transferred to D. Napier and Sons Ltd at Luton, Bedfordshire, becoming the Scorpion Rocket Motor test airframe. WK163 first flew after modification on the 20th May 1956 and whilst undertaking these trials, the aircraft obtained the world record for aircraft altitude at 70,310ft on the 28th August 1957.

Mike Randrup with Walter Shirley acting as flight observer piloted the aircraft for the record attempt. Whilst at Napier, the aircraft also test flew air sampling equipment that was to be used in conjunction with the Grapple nuclear tests of 1958.

After the cancellation of the Scorpion program WK163 was passed to the Royal Research Establishment at RAF Pershore, Worcestershire, on the 30th April 1959 and was originally used for Infra-red line scan development. Whilst at Pershore in April 1966, WK163 was converted to Mk B6 specification being fitted with Canberra MK B6 mainplanes and engines. It was used in this guise for various radar research work. Then during April 1972 the B2 nose was removed and replaced with a standard B6 nose from Canberra XH568. When research flying finished at RAF Pershore, WK163 became the first Canberra to relocate to RAE Bedford on the 1st July 1976. Along with Boscombe Down, this was a centre for advanced research in many areas of aeronautics.

Extensive installation work was carried out on the airframe in the late eighties to prepare for its reconnaissance research and development role. This installation was based on the Tornado GR1A Infra-red reconnaissance system for which WK163 carried out the original trials program. The research was carried out on behalf of the Defence Research Agency (DRA) Malvern.

The installation in the aircraft consisted of three primary sensors, two sideways looking infrared sensors (SLIRS) and a Tornado infrared line scan sensor (TIRLS). Other equipment included forward-looking infra-red/thermal image common module (FLIR/TICM) and forward-looking super VHS camera and recorder, along with two vertical looking airborne cameras. A data link transmitter was also fitted along with its associated electrics and aerials.

Arriving at DRA Farnborough in March 1994 the aircraft was then stripped of all internal research equipment. The aircraft was purchased the same year by a private organisation and registered with the UK CAA as G-BVWC. After restoration work to bring the airframe back to Mk B6 standard, the aircraft made its debut on the UK air show circuit in 1997.

Operated initially from Bruntingthorpe and Duxford, the aircraft later spent a period based at RAF Wyton before arriving at Coventry in March 2000 to join the Classic Flight fleet.

At this time, WK163 was painted in the black and grey colour scheme she still wears today, designed to represent a 617 Squadron aircraft. It was thought to have better contrast for visibility in its role as a dsiplay aircraft.

The aircraft suffered an engine failure in 2007 and since then, a worldwide search has at last identified sufficient engines with the correct paperwork to enable a full restoration to be considered possible.

WK163 was moved to Doncaster Sheffield Airport in 2016 to join XH558.

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